■ In the field of early childhood education, the game is a special status of the activity, the game is voluntary, pleasant, and active, as the characteristics of the “free” activities, it is in the child’s experience on the basis of the expansion, so in line with each child’s physical and mental development level. Games play an extremely important role and value in the process of children’s growth and development. It can be said that where there are children, there are games and the development of children’s game activities.
■ Games are an integral part of children’s lives and learning.
In children’s life and learning, games are the most effective way to form their life experience and knowledge structure and have an irreplaceable role in other activities.
Children’s learning, life, and cognition are all carried out through games.
In the “Guidelines for Kindergarten Education” and “Guidelines”, it is pointed out that “kindergarten education should respect children’s personality and rights, respect children’s physical and mental development laws and learning characteristics, take games as the basic activities, pay equal attention to childcare and education, pay attention to individual differences, and promote the development of each child with personality”.
Kindergartens to the game as the basic teaching activities means that the game will serve as an essential part of the kindergarten curriculum, one of the games as the basic form of kindergarten education, let children study life in the game, use the game to fill the kindergarten life a day, in activities reflect the value of the game, so as to promote the development of children’s physical and mental health.
The essence of children’s games is to promote children’s physical, intellectual and moral development. Games are children’s favorite and free activities. They are an activity for children to obtain their physical and mental development independently and freely. Children’s games are a form of reflecting their life experiences and emotional experience.
Therefore, children’s games are of positive significance to children’s physical, intellectual and social development. As an institution of early childhood basic education and foundation education, kindergarten is the enlightenment place of children’s comprehensive development education.
The purpose of kindergarten games is to follow the law of human development, build the kindergarten education activities with games as the main body, build the kindergarten life suitable for children’s age characteristics, and make children actively learn and develop in games or gamified activities.
Basic features of children’s games
1, children’s games are interesting, can stimulate children’s happy mood
Fun is the inherent characteristic of the game itself, it is the game that is suitable for the physical and psychological development of children, can make children feel comfortable, happy so that they gradually like and are keen on the game. Children’s games with their own fun, arouse children’s good emotions and actively engaged in the power of activities.
2. Children’s games are voluntary activities
The essential attribute of the game is initiative and freedom, which is produced by children’s internal motivation. Game is a relatively free, relaxed, and active activity, in line with children’s psychological needs. The game is also induced by children’s inner desires, free from the constraints and interference of external factors. Therefore, young children have the right to stop any game if they feel tired or disinterested and do not want to play.
3. Children’s games are social and simulated
What is learned in the cradle is carried to the grave.
In other words, most of what you really need in life — how to live, what to do, and how to do it — is something that the average person can learn in kindergarten. This is enough to show that kindergarten is a good carrier and growth platform for people with sociality. As one of the main teaching forms of kindergarten teaching, children’s games are precisely social and simulated reality.
The effect of games on children’s physical and mental health development
1. The role of games in children’s physical development
Games can promote the growth and development of children’s bodies. Almost all games require the selective participation of various organs of the body so that children’s various organs of the body are developed, and finally to promote the development of children’s bones, muscles, and nervous system, and gradually mature.
2. The role of games in children’s intellectual development
Game is the most direct, the most simple, the most effective means to develop children’s intelligence. Many scholars at home and abroad have shown that the game can wake up children’s interest, is the so-called interest is the key to all results, with this key can open the door of wisdom, make children pay attention, give full play to the imagination and creativity, in a relaxed and happy atmosphere to learn and develop.
3. The role of games in children’s social development
Games are an important way for children’s social development. From the birth of children, under the influence of different environments and education, in the process of participating in social life, their social development gradually, they must learn to communicate with others correctly, learn to establish a good interpersonal relationship, such as parent-child relationship, teacher-student relationship, peer relationship, etc.
In the process of the game, children keep communicating and learning. In the process of the game, children can acquire a lot of knowledge to adapt to the social environment and interpersonal skills.
4. The role of games in children’s emotional development
Games can help children experience the happiness of success. There is a lot of hands-on making of toys. In the process of activities, children use a variety of materials provided by teachers to play games and fully experience the happiness of success.
Guidance for kindergarten games
Create a good game environment
1. Creation of children’s material environment
The creation of children’s material environment should consider both the space layout and the provision of materials. Toy materials are the material basis of children’s games.
To provide children with enough space and a variety of toy materials, so that children can choose the game according to their own wishes and play the game in their own way, lies in the interaction between materials and partners, sharing the joy brought by the game and learning from each other’s experience in public, to promote children’s initiative, independence and creative development. Children learn through play by using toys and materials.
2, the creation of children’s interpersonal environment
The child’s interpersonal environment create an environment that is very important for young children, embodies in the teachers and children, infants and young children, teachers and the interaction between teachers, although it is invisible a direct impact on young children’s emotion, the development of the communicative behavior and personality, the kindergarten should create a warm, harmonious interpersonal environment, Only by providing children with a spiritual environment that makes them feel safe, warm and free, and encourages them to explore and create, can children live and learn happily, actively and confidently, and achieve the best development.
3, let children become the master of the game
Game is children’s autonomy activities, is the need of children, not adults imposed forced sexual activities, should be let children choose their own want to game, we should help children to let what you sure want to play, how to play, and who play together, and so on, let the children become the master of the game really, at ordinary times to guide children’s game, We need to understand children’s ideas carefully, do not tell the knowledge and answers to children, can not easily interrupt children’s game, in the game children have the right to decide everything.
4, in the game activities, to correctly guide children’s games
First of all, children of different ages should adopt different methods to guide children’s games. For example, small class children are not focused, especially susceptible to the influence of the external environment, like to imitate the people and things around them.
Therefore, in the game, teachers should always pay attention to observe children, using children interested in the game to attract children. For middle and large classes of children, teachers can be a participant, questioner, listener, and other identities to guide children’s games. Second, there are different ways to guide the game for different game themes. Teachers should guide the game according to the characteristics of each game and children’s needs.